During the United Nations Climate Change Conference in December 2015 (COP21) and in its resulting Paris Agreement, 195 countries agreed to set out a global action plan to avoid dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels.

The project “Incentives, Fairness and Compliance in International Environmental Agreements” (InFairCom), funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, examines the Paris Agreement and, in particular, the necessary conditions both for adequate compliance mechanisms and for strategies to approach this long-term climate objective. In order to receive valuable insights and robust results, InFairCom employs several distinct but complementary methodological approaches including (i) meta-analyses of existing agreements, (ii) qualified judicial assessments, (iii) theoretical economic models linked with (iv) experimental and (v) empirical applications.